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Philosophical Questions: 265 Thought Provoking Questions About Life the Universe and Everything

Ready for an exploration of the mind? We have a huge list of hard-hitting philosophical questions to help prompt deep thoughts and conversations. 

Some Deep Philosophical Questions

Plenty of philosophical ideas have helped shape human history from the beginning of everything until today, for better or worse. Plenty of great thinkers have pondered over endless subjects and questions, many of which remain unanswered today. 

And why should you be any different? Philosophical discussions, whether with your friends, colleagues, or even yourself, are a great stepping stone to a journey of introspection. 

But a good philosophical question does not have a black and white answer. More often than not, they stimulate debates and arguments, but most importantly, critical thinking that drives the human mind to think beyond the norms. 

What Are Good Philosophical Question Topics?

We face many questions daily, and many of those we answer without a thought. What makes philosophical questions different is that they require you to coherently portray or explain your thoughts. 

Does Free Speech Exist

And philosophy shows no bounds. Topics can range from metaphysics (purpose, being, time, space, etc.) or your feelings on life, death, love, and relationships. 

If you are looking for brain-twisting conversation starters, here is a list of philosophical questions that will get you thinking about the universe, life, and everything else in between. 

Deep Philosophical Questions

Do you like thought-provoking questions about life as a whole? These questions will invoke some deep thinking and reveal some helpful wisdom, or have you thinking and looking for answers that your head starts to hurt. 

26 Philosophical Questions About God and Religion

God and religion have been huge topics filled with controversy in many circles around the world. Yet, these two are still one of the most popular discussion topics in philosophy. Philosophers and scientists have been arguing for centuries about the issue of God, but most significantly, asking questions about whether God exists or not

Religion Comes With So Many Distinctions

Without further ado, here are some philosophical and thought-provoking questions about God and religion that will get your wheels turning. 

1. Is God man-made? Is he only an idea created by man himself?


2. Is Christian belief enough to make God exist? Is belief sufficient to prove that God exists? 


3. Does a man need to attend church to be considered spiritual?


4. Can a man’s religious beliefs affect their scientific thinking? How about their critical thinking?


5. Is blind belief prevalent to people considered holy, spiritual, and pious? Why?


6. Is there a difference between being religious and being spiritual?


7. Should a man try learning about other religions or attending religious services from multiple faiths before choosing one?


8. Is faith supernatural? And what does that sentence mean?


9. Are faith and belief the same thing?


10. Who decides which religion is correct?


11. Why are humans so inclined to believe or hold onto beliefs that can’t be proven?


12. What benefits does religion provide in modern society?


13. If there is only one God, can you explain why there are thousands of religions?


14. Why do bad things also happen to good people?


15. How does believing in God and religion help a man through tough times?


16. Will the future be better if caste and religion become things of the past?


17. Who defines the things that are good from what is evil?


18. Why is there always a conflict between science and religion?


19. If the judgment is reserved for God, why do we pass judgment?


20. Why does God not intervene when evil starts to take root in people?


21. What does the supreme power of God mean?


22. Does believing in one religion do more harm than good to oneself? To the society?


23. What is the purpose of God if people have to suffer in their lives?


24. If God’s will prevails, does that mean we don’t have free will?


25. Does a man need God to exist?


26. What is the goal of God? What is the purpose of religion?

23 Philosophical Questions to Ask About Human Life, Existence, and Death

When you want to dig deeper and understand yourself (or someone else), ask them questions that go beyond the surface. The best conversation topics are those that everyone can share, like life itself. 

Could Artificial Intelligence Help Us Beat Death

Ask these philosophical questions to explore the reality, purpose, and meaning of life, death, and human existence. 

27. Is there such a thing as what we believe as living a healthy and fulfilling life?


28. Is it possible that parallel universes exist?


29. Does fate exist? Is every action predetermined, or do we have free will?


30. How likely is it that we as human beings are only a minuscule part of the intelligent life in the universe? Does life exist beyond our world?


31. What does it mean to be living life to the fullest?


32. What does having a good life entail?


33. Is the concept of the afterlife or life after death a mere product of man’s optimism or fear of death?


34. What is suffering’s role in the human condition? Is it necessary?


35. If you are to die tomorrow, what is something that you will regret you can’t do today?


36. If death is inevitable, what is the purpose of doing anything?


37. What happens when people die? Does consciousness continue even after the physical body dies?


38. Is it possible that one human life is worth more than the other?


39. Does life exist before you were born?


40. Is it possible for free will and predestination to exist?


41. Does living have a purpose?


42. Does life have a meaning? What does give a man’s life some meaning?


43. Is it possible for a person to have a good death?


44. Can you ever prepare for death?


45. How do you measure a life?


46. Is death really the beginning?


47. Can life merely focused on avoiding pain be considered a worthwhile life?


48. What is the difference between existing and truly living?


49. What is more useful in life, wisdom or intelligence?

29 Philosophical Questions About Ethics and Morality

Other serious topics to explore and get your mind working around are the subject of ethics and morals. Both relate to the distinction of what is right and wrong or good and bad. While ethics touches on the standards of good and as distinguished by a social setting or community, morality is generally personal. 

The Importance of Critical Thinking

Because of the seriousness of these two topics, debates on ethics and morality can quickly get heated if you’re not careful. 

With that said, these philosophical questions are designed to provoke some deep thinking. 

50. Is having universal human rights truly advantageous, or are there any downsides to it?


51. Does our right to free speech has limitations? If yes, what are they?


52. If you could give a million dollars to save the life of 100 people but at the expense of the life of a random human, would you do it?


53. Does the concept of absolute morality exist, and what does it mean?


54. Has the advancement of modern technology affected our morality? Why or why not?


55. If drugs are dangerous and are banned, why not harmful food additives?


56. Is there any possibility that a country can have an ideal government? How?


57. Is artificial intelligence net positive or negative in the modern world?


58. If a country’s birthrate is down, would it be considered ethical to require people or couples to have at least one child?


59. When does art benefit society? When does it not?


60. Do guns protect people or kill people?


61. Is world peace achievable, and in what world will it be possible?


62. Should having full access to the internet be a fundamental human right?


63. Is there such a thing as a completely selfless act of kindness? Are acts of kindness have motives?


64. If it’s possible to edit negative character traits that can harm other people from our genes, would it be ethical to do it?


65. Is there any way for a technologically enhanced human to be considered a real human?


66. Do all people deserve respect? 


67. Is it always wrong to kill? Can killing someone be justified?


68. Is lying always wrong? When can lying be justified?


69. Is there any instance where it’s fair to punish a criminal with death?


70. When is slavery ethically defensible?


71. Is poverty a choice?


72. When is it justified to hurt others?


73. Is helping others our obligation? Why or why not?


74. Is euthanasia wrong in every circumstance, or can it be justified?


75. If a person kills someone, do they still have the right to live?


76. Who or what determines if something is fair or not fair? Is “fair” the same for everyone?


77. Is cannibalism ever justified?


78. Does the wealthy have a moral obligation to help the poor?

27 Philosophical Questions About Man and Self 

Many of the essential questions in philosophy are about the nature of being human – what it means to be a man, our thinking, our feelings. And many of them have no set answers, though that doesn’t mean you should stop asking these questions. 

Asking these questions can be incredibly helpful when searching inside yourself for your own answers and meanings. 

So, you exist. You breathe. You have life. But who are you? What does it mean to be you? 

Never Shy Away From Deep Philosophical Questions

This philosophical journey will elicit profound answers to questions about self, a fantastic chance for self-examination of the mindset of “you.”

79. Where is human consciousness from, and what is it for? Does human consciousness begin at birth, or does it start at a certain age?


80. Is human potential capable of doing anything, or does it have limitations?


81. Are some people natural-born leaders, or is it a skill and trait developed over the years?


82. Can a man be considered “educated” even without formal education?


83. Should there be a limitation to the freedom human beings currently have? 


84. Is it possible that human creativity and his expression of art hurt society in the modern age in any way?


85. What are the likely reasons we, as beings with almost infinite knowledge available to us, don’t take advantage of that fact?


86. How much control does a man have over their own life? How about someone else’s life?


87. Does luck exist for some people but not for others?


88. How can a man nourish his self-esteem and self-worth?


89. Is self-knowledge equal among people?


90. Is there any limit to a man’s free will?


91. How can you measure a man’s self-worth?


92. Is the idea of a parallel universe just a product of a man’s imagination?


93. Can a man change his behavior when given enough time?


94. Is it possible for a man to be innately good?


95. At what age can a kid be held accountable for their actions, and how do you determine that?


96. To what extent does a man shape his own destiny?


97. Does a man get close-minded as he ages?


98. Can a man’s kindness really change the world?


99. Are people innately selfish?


100. What is consciousness? Are we conscious? Are we even real?


101. Is it possible that we are only living in a loop?


102. Do we have authentic selves?


103. What does it need for a man to be conscious? What does it mean to be conscious?


104. Is it ever possible to truly prove someone’s consciousness?


105. Is a human being replaceable? 

22 Philosophical Questions About Happiness

As the famous philosopher Aristotle said:

“Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim, and end of human existence.”

What Makes for a Healthy and Fulfilling life

We seek happiness in many things, from relationships, friendships, work, hobbies, and anything else that gives us pleasure. But how many of us can fully claim that we know what happiness or real happiness is? 

Here are some deep questions to ponder about happiness and what it truly means

106. What can make emotions rational? In what situations and instances can emotions be considered rational?


107. Can language affect our emotions?


108. Can you choose emotions, or do they just happen?


109. Is happiness real, or is it just chemicals flowing through our brains?


110. Can you measure happiness? If yes, how? If not, how do you know if someone is truly happy?


111. Where does happiness come from?


112. Is it possible for someone’s happiness to affect your own?


113. Has the modern age of technology made us less happy?


114. Is it worth it to pursue true happiness? Is it necessary, or is it possible to live a good life without happiness?


115. Can you feel sadness and happiness at the same time?


116. Is happiness a right, or is it something we should earn?


117. Is happiness a universal human right? Why or why not?


118. Is happiness a matter of perspective, or is it universal?


119. Is it possible to understand what happiness means without feeling sadness?


120. If money can’t buy happiness, can you still be truly happy without money?


121. Can a person who achieved nothing be happy?


122. Can spirituality truly give man happiness?


123. Who is happier, people with high intelligence or those with average intelligence?


124. Is there an absolute way to achieve a happy state of mind?


125. Can you be happy when faced with suffering?


126. Is it always better to seek out happiness over avoiding pain?


127. Does achieving success by societal standards truly brings happiness to a person?

39 Philosophical Questions About Love and Relationships

Love is important to learn about, especially when going into relationships, whether with yourself or someone else, even with family and friends. But how?

It's Human Nature to Crave Love

As an abstract concept, the idea of love is hard, if not difficult, to understand. In this list, we will share some philosophical questions that will make you think and wonder more about love and relationships, what it means, and what they can accomplish. 

These deep love questions are very open-ended and will effectively start deeper conversations with yourself, your partner, and other people you love. 

128. What makes something an act of love?


129. Is love simply physical desire, or is it so much more than what a human brain can conceive?


130. If a man never fell in love, can he ever be truly happy?


131. Is love simply an illusion?


132. Can love ever become too much? When can love be considered too much love?


133. Why do two people meet and fall in love with each other if there’s no way they can be together?


134. Is there such a thing as what we call selfless love? Unconditional love?


135. When do love and hate collide? Why does it happen?


136. Why are there different languages of love


137. Is self-sacrificing love considered true love?


138. Why do some people suddenly stop loving each other?


139. How true is true love? How real is real love?


140. Is loving and losing really worth it than not having loved at all?


141. Can you ever live without loving someone or be loved by someone?


142. Is it possible to love the wrong person?


143. Is it possible for love to come at the wrong time?


144. What does self-love look like?


145. Does love really die?


146. If love is a game, then who is the winner?


147. Why do we lose ourselves in love?


148. Will we ever understand what true love is?


149. If you don’t know what love means, how can you know if you truly love someone?


150. How many times can a man fall in love in one lifetime?


151. Can a person love everyone they meet if they give it a chance?


152. If you love yourself, why do you need to have a love for and from others?


153. Can two people foster a good relationship without being in love?


154. Can you really love someone, or do you just fall in love with the idea of how they make you feel?


155. If love is the greatest thing, then why does it fail?


156. Can love and sexual attraction ever be completely unrelated?


157. Is it logically possible to love someone you don’t like?


158. What is easier, to love or to be loved?


159. Is it much better to love or to be loved?


160. Can a man truly decide to love, fall out of love, and unlove depending on circumstance?


161. What are some harsh truths about relationships better ignored?


162. Is love more important than trust? 


163. What is more important in a relationship, love or trust?


164. Can you love a person you don’t trust?


165. Does the person who loves you truly love you? How can you be certain?


166. Do we need to aspire to love and be loved in this lifetime?

16 Philosophical Questions About Heartbreak

The luckiest people are those who have fallen in love. But that happiness and optimism are often shattered when it ends. Because for the unlucky like us, sometimes it does end. 

But as shell-shocking and gut-wrenching heartbreaks are, it is never the end of the world. Someone might have shut out the lights and closed the door, and for a time, it’s hard to forgive, and life makes you feel trapped and scared, but again, it’s not the end of the world. 

Philosophical Questions About Love and Loss

But working through your feelings, and asking these heartbreak questions might help. 

167. Is it possible to fully get over a person, or will there be a mark left on your psyche from that unrequited love?


168. Is jealousy a purely negative emotion, or can it be something valuable to drive humans to improve themselves?


169. Which is a better option, being heartbroken or being the heartbreaker?


170. Can cheating ever be justified?


171. Can you explain why we hurt the people we love?


172. Why does love become nasty?


173. What does a heartbreak look like? What does it feel like?


174. Can you ever truly heal from having a broken heart?


175. Does time heal all wounds? Or does it only make you immune to the heartbreak that it doesn’t hurt as much as it used to?


176. Does grief end? When? How?


177. Can you be broken over someone who wasn’t yours to lose?


178. Will you ever get over your grief?


179. Can you live with a broken heart?


180. Can you still feel grief after going through all the stages of grief?


181. Does sadness diminish in intensity as time passes?


182. Why do we feel hurt? Why do we feel lonely?

22 Philosophical Questions About Family, Friends, and Relationships

There are different kinds of relationships that hopefully enrich your life in many ways: encourage you whenever life gets a little bit tough and celebrate with you during successes. But what does being a family or a friend mean?

The Role of Family and Friends on Our Lives

Here are some good questions about family and friendship one must think about. 

183. Is the family still relevant in the modern world?


184. What does being a family really mean?


185. What makes a person your family?


186. Should families really pray together?


187. What does a family’s role in shaping a person?


188. If being alone brings us inner peace, why do we need to have a family? 


189. Can life still be meaningful without family?


190. Is it possible for your life to be considered meaningful without friends?


191. Can you live a life without having friendships?


192. Are accidental friendships real?


193. Is having friends give more meaning to our lives?


194. What constitutes a good friend?


195. Is there a bad friend or only an enemy?


196. Why do we need friendship? Is it for the love of others or ourselves?


197. Is there an ethical significance behind having friends?


199. Does friendship influence good (or bad) behavior?


200. Is the idea of friendship merely a genetic leftover?


201. At what point does a friend become your foe?


202. At what point does a friend become a family?


203. Is having other people in your life necessary?


204. Do you need to respect other people’s opinions which you find incorrect?


205. Why do we judge others?

30 Random Philosophical Questions 

Of course, when considering deep thinking and the questions that come from such thoughts, it is only natural that a fair few of them will feel completely random. As if a collection of words has jumbled together to give your brain something to ponder.

These questions can often lead to the deepest conversations, so don’t push them away.

Great Philosophical Questions to Ask

Here are some mind-boggling yet random philosophical questions to add more fuel to your deep thinking. 

206. Are animals conscious?


207. Is time our friend or our enemy?


208. What does nothingness mean?


209. Who decides if something is the truth or a lie?


210. What is the purpose of time? 


211. Can truth ever really be objective, or is it merely relative to a man’s conscious bias?


212. How much of the truth is really true?


213. Has someone ever successfully discovered the ultimate truth?


214. Does tradition deserve respect for the sole reason that it’s a tradition?


215. What does success mean in the modern world compared to what it meant 10 or 100 years ago?


216. How do you know that you know something?


217. Does time really exist? Is it possible to find the origin of time?


218. Who decides what true knowledge is and what isn’t?


219. Is there a fine line between imagination and perception? What is it?


220. Does knowledge have an ending?


221. What is the basis of a person’s confidence? Does it come from the claims made by other people?


222. Is everything in the world subjective?


223. If people understand things differently, who decides which person is right?


224. What differentiates good from bad art?


225. Where does creativity come from? Why are some people creative people while others are not?


226. Could you possibly be good at art if you are not creative?


227. Can an opinion ever be wrong?


228. Does time have a definite form?


229. Is the present truly the only thing that we have?


230. What defines the rich and the poor?


231. Why do we fear losing things that we don’t even have yet?


232. Can you stop a war with peace?


233. Do we truly control technology, or does it control us?


234. Does power change people?


235. Is it possible to be at the wrong place at the right time?

30 Dumb and Funny Philosophical Questions

What better way to start conversations than with humor? No, it doesn’t mean you need to unleash your knock-knock jokes or some cringe pick-up lines

You can have meaningful and thought-provoking conversations with a few good laughs with some funny, philosophical questions. Yes, philosophical questions don’t always tackle serious and deep topics like the essence of life. It can be fun and interesting too. 

Funny Philosophical Questions

If you need some deep thinking in the most light-hearted way, here are some crazy, dumb, fun philosophical questions to ask. Ask these funny questions to anyone and anywhere to lighten up the mood and have fun.

236. Is it possible for computers to have creativity?


237. Are the mind and the brain the same thing?


238. Why do we kill a man for killing someone to show that killing is wrong?


239. If you are a prisoner of your mind, when will you give yourself freedom?


240. Is it possible for you to cry underwater?


241. Can you die without knowing that you’re going to be dead?


242. Suppose you hire a man to kill you. Will it be ruled as murder or suicide?


243. If the evolution of man from monkeys and apes is true, where are the monkeys and apes present today come from?


244. Are people in a different time zone in the future (or the past)?


245. If a deaf man burps and nobody is there to hear it, did it make a sound?


246. Who gets to use the armrest in the middle seat on an airplane?


247. If a red paper appears black when placed under blue light, can you still consider the paper red?


248. What constitutes something as funny?


249. Why do we consider used towels dirty when we get out of the shower clean?


250. Will a soap ever get dirty?


251. What is really the silent letter in the word “scent?”


252. If you sink slowly in the quicksand, why is it still named quicksand?


253. Why doesn’t a quicksand work quickly?


254. If two people are mind readers and they read each other’s minds, whose mind are they actually reading?


255. Who is the one closing the bus door after the bus driver gets off the bus?


256. If you expect the unexpected, does that now make the unexpected the expected?


257. Is it still possible to daydream during the evening?


258. If it’s true that money doesn’t grow on trees, then how can you explain why banks have branches?


259. Are lethal injections sterilized?


260. Do our pets also call us names?


261. Why do you save time when you can’t get it back?


262. Why don’t sheep ever shrink in the rain when wool shrinks whenever it gets wet?


263. What is the purpose of calling the artichoke “heart” when it sits at the bottom?


264. Why do round pizzas only come in square boxes?


265. How do you feel stomach pain? Do you feel it in your brain when you have a stomach ache, or do you feel it in your abdomen?

Final Thoughts on Philosophical Questions

There you have it! Your mind must be reeling with our pondering list of philosophical questions you can ask your friends, family, partners, or strangers if you want. 

The point of philosophy is to make you think and think deeper. And remember, this isn’t math class! There is no right or wrong answer. It all depends on your opinions, beliefs, and thoughts.

We hope your brain survived the journey and is now ready for some philosophizing! 

The comments are open, so let us know your favorite questions for those moments of deep pondering.